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Classes and Objects
Constructor Method

A constructor method is one of several magic methods provided by PHP. This method is automatically called when an object is instantiated. A constructor method is defined with the special method name __construct.

As an example, if we wanted to initialize the deserves_love property assigned to TRUE for every instance of the Pet class, we could use the following constructor:

class Pet { public $deserves_love; function __construct() { $this->deserves_love = TRUE; } } $my_dog = new Pet(); if ($my_dog->deserves_love){ echo "I love you!"; } // Prints: I love you!

Constructors can also have parameters. These correspond to arguments passed in when using the new keyword. For example, maybe we want to allow for setting the name of the Pet on instantiation:

class Pet { public $name; function __construct($name) { $this->name = $name; } } $dog = new Pet("Lassie"); echo $dog->name; // Prints: Lassie

In the code above, we instantiate a new Pet object, $dog with a name property assigned to the value "Lassie". Then we access the property and print it.

Keep in mind that the number of arguments used when instantiating the object must match the number of parameters in the constructor definition otherwise PHP will throw an error.

Instructions

1.

Add a constructor method to our Beverage class.

2.

Modify the constructor to take $temperature and $color arguments (in that order) and set them to their respective object properties.

3.

Test your constructor by instantiating an object with a temperature of "cold" and a color of “black“.

Print the result of calling getInfo on this object.

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