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Introduction to Accounts
Login in with Flask

We currently have a working form grabbing user data and signing them up to our application. Good work! Next, let’s allow users to login by using a Flask-Login object called LoginManager().

login_manager = LoginManager() login_manager.init_app(app)
  • here we create a LoginManager object and initialize it with the init_app() method and our application object app

Flask-Login provides us with a helpful decorator that we’ll place on endpoints we want to be protected. Remember, decorators allow us to run bits of code before ultimately running a function or in this case our flask endpoint.

@app.route('/user/<username>') @login_required def user(username): user = User.query.filter_by(username=username).first_or_404() return render_template('user.html', user=user)
  • the @login_required decorator is used to protect the user route
  • the User table is queried for a user that matches the provided username

We will use this decorator on every Flask endpoint that we want only accessible by logged in users. This will check to make sure the user login is still stored in memory. So long as the user memory has not been cleared with a logout or browser refreshing clear, the LoginManager() will be able to retrieve the identity of the user before allowing them to access the information on that page.

We also need an additional helper function to load our individual user when trying to access protected routes.

@login_manager.user_loader def load_user(user_id): return User.query.get(int(user_id))
  • the load_user() function loads a user with a given user_id

We can then login a user with a login route, paired with a login form, as shown below:

@app.route('/login', methods=['GET','POST']) def login(): form = LoginForm(csrf_enabled=False) if form.validate_on_submit(): user = User.query.filter_by(email=form.email.data).first() if user and user.check_password(form.password.data): login_user(user, remember=form.remember.data) next_page = request.args.get('next') return redirect(next_page) if next_page else redirect(url_for('index', _external=True, _scheme='https')) else: return redirect(url_for('login', _external=True, _scheme='https')) return render_template('login.html', form=form)
  • initialize a LoginForm form
  • if the form validates, query the User table for the user with an email that matches the provided email
  • if a user is found user.check_password(form.password.data) checks the form entered password against the user’s password
  • if there is a match, login_user() logs user in and redirects to either next_page or the index route
  • if no user is found or the password does not match, we redirect to the login route

Instructions

1.

A LoginManager() has been initialized and a load_user() function has been defined for you in app.py. Let’s focus on the login route, which is partly defined.

Query the User table for the user with an email that matches the login form’s email field. Save the user to a variable named user.

2.

Within the login route there is an if statement that we want to use to check two conditions:

  1. if a user with a matching email was found and
  2. if the user entered the correct password for that account

Replace the True in the if statement to check for both of the above conditions.

3.

Now that you have found a matching user and confirmed they entered the correct password, log them in!

Use the login_user function to log user into the site.

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