Learn

In the previous lesson, you learned how to perform operations on each value in a column using `apply`.

In this exercise, you will learn how to combine all of the values from a column for a single calculation.

Some examples of this type of calculation include:

• The DataFrame `customers` contains the names and ages of all of your customers. You want to find the median age:
``````print(customers.age)
>> [23, 25, 31, 35, 35, 46, 62]
print(customers.age.median())
>> 35``````
• The DataFrame `shipments` contains address information for all shipments that you’ve sent out in the past year. You want to know how many different states you have shipped to (and how many shipments went to the same state).
``````print(shipments.state)
>> ['CA', 'CA', 'CA', 'CA', 'NY', 'NY', 'NJ', 'NJ', 'NJ', 'NJ', 'NJ', 'NJ', 'NJ']
print(shipments.state.nunique())
>> 3``````
• The DataFrame `inventory` contains a list of types of t-shirts that your company makes. You want a list of the colors that your shirts come in.
``````print(inventory.color)
>> ['blue', 'blue', 'blue', 'blue', 'blue', 'green', 'green', 'orange', 'orange', 'orange']
print(inventory.color.unique())
>> ['blue', 'green', 'orange']``````

The general syntax for these calculations is:

``df.column_name.command()``

The following table summarizes some common commands:

Command Description
`mean` Average of all values in column
`std` Standard deviation
`median` Median
`max` Maximum value in column
`min` Minimum value in column
`count` Number of values in column
`nunique` Number of unique values in column
`unique` List of unique values in column

### Instructions

1.

Once more, we’ll revisit our orders from ShoeFly.com. Our new batch of orders is in the DataFrame `orders`. Examine the first 10 rows using the following code:

``print(orders.head(10))``
2.

Our finance department wants to know the price of the most expensive pair of shoes purchased. Save your answer to the variable `most_expensive`.

3.

Our fashion department wants to know how many different colors of shoes we are selling. Save your answer to the variable `num_colors`.